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Silk Printing - Stencil Printing
Screen printing, also known as Screen Printing, is a printing technique that is widely used in the textile industry, graphic arts and printmaking. In this technique; On the sieve-shaped mold made of silk, plastic or metal fabric stretched on a metal or wooden frame, the places to be printed are left open and the other places are covered by masking, painting or photomechanical methods. Then, the printing ink (ink) put into this sieve is scraped with a scraper (squeegee) to remove paper, glass, fabric, etc. from the open places. passed on the materials.

Screen Printing Equipment:Recognizing the necessary tools and equipment for the screen printing technique, which is frequently used in graphic arts and printmaking, is of great importance in terms of minimizing the problems in practice.

Gazeler (Screen weaves): It is possible to examine the gazes, which are generally called “silk” in colloquial language, in three groups.

Silk weaving:It is made from the best quality of natural silk. It keeps the absorption easier. It is flexible. It is frequently used in small and medium size prints as it has a lot of stretching possibilities.
Synthetic webbing:This fabric made of plastic material has high ink permeability and is very resistant to chemicals. It can be used for a long time. The emulsion is easy to clean.
Metal webbing:It is woven from bronze and stainless steel wires. It has very little flexibility. It loosens quickly, bends and breaks easily. It is very suitable for trichrome printing. Yarn thickness and yarn count in weaving are important in terms of ink permeability. Thread count indicates thread in cm2. The yarn thickness determines the strength of the weaving. There are four different yarn thicknesses in accordance with international standards: Thin (Small), Medium (Medium), Thick (Thick) and Very Heavy (Heavy Duty). As the thickness of the weaving yarns increases, the gap between the loops and the empty screen surface decrease. Generally, screen weavings are selected according to the number of threads suitable for the work to be printed. For example, 180-200 'weave' should be chosen for a screened picture, 130-140 'weave' should be selected for a fine print, and 40-50' woven fabric should be selected for printing on the jug.

Frames : The fabrics can be used after being stretched onto a wooden or metal frame. Although the wooden frame is deformed in humidity, temperature and silk stretching, it is the most used frame. It is light, easy to prepare and economical. Generally, the ones made of pine wood are preferred. Frame thickness can be 5x5 cm or 8x8 cm depending on the size of the sieve. It is beneficial to pre-paint the frame so that it is not affected by moisture and heat. Metal frames are made of aluminum or galvanized iron pipe